knowledge and understanding of Cisco Networking. Those who are looking to start a career in IT and are interested in working with Cisco networks, this training will help them gain the foundational knowledge they need to succeed in this field.
The Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) course is intended for individuals who are interested in building a career in network engineering or IT. This includes network administrators, network engineers, IT support staff, and others who work with Cisco networking technology. The course is also suitable for students who are studying computer science, information technology, or a related field and want to gain hands-on experience with Cisco networking.
key features of the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) training program include:
- Hands-on experience: The training program provides hands-on experience with Cisco network devices, such as routers and switches, allowing individuals to gain practical skills in configuring, troubleshooting, and maintaining Cisco networks.
- Comprehensive coverage: The CCNA training program covers a wide range of topics, including routing and switching, network security, and wireless networking, providing individuals with a well-rounded understanding of Cisco networking.
- Certification exam: Upon completion of the training, individuals can take the corresponding certification exam to become a Cisco Certified Network Associate. This certification is recognized globally and demonstrates an individual's knowledge and skills in Cisco networking.
- Flexibility: CCNA training is available through a variety of methods, including online courses, instructor-led training, and self-study, making it accessible to individuals with different schedules and learning styles.
- Relevance: Cisco networking technology is widely used in organizations of all sizes and industries, making the CCNA certification and training highly relevant for those who want to work in IT and networking.
- Vendor-specific: CCNA is a vendor-specific certification and the training is focused on Cisco's technology and solutions, which is widely accepted in the Industry.
- Network Fundamentals:
- OSI Model: The OSI model is a framework that describes how different layers of a network interact with one another. It is divided into 7 layers: Physical, Data Link, Network, Transport, Session, Presentation, and Application. Each layer has a specific function and the communication between the layers is done via protocols.
- TCP/IP Model: The TCP/IP model is the foundation of the internet and is divided into 4 layers: Network Interface, Internet, Transport, and Application. The Internet Protocol (IP) is used for addressing and routing, while the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is used for reliable data transfer.
- Network Protocols: Network protocols are the set of rules that govern communication between devices on a network. Some common network protocols include TCP, IP, HTTP, FTP, DNS, and SMTP.
- Network Topologies: Network topologies describe the physical and logical layout of a network. Some common network topologies include Bus, Star, Ring, and Mesh.
- Routing and Switching:
- Routing Protocols: Routing protocols are used to determine the best path for data to travel across a network. Some common routing protocols include RIP, EIGRP, and OSPF.
- Switch Configuration: Switch configuration involves setting up and configuring switches to connect devices on a network. This includes configuring VLANs, port security, and link aggregation.
- VLANs: VLANs (Virtual LANs) are used to segment a network into smaller, logical groups. This allows for more efficient and secure network communication.
- Network Security:
- Firewalls: Firewalls are used to control access to a network and protect it from unauthorized access. They can be hardware or software based and typically use a combination of rules and protocols to control access.
- VPNs: VPNs (Virtual Private Networks) provide secure remote access to a network. They use encryption and tunneling protocols to secure the communication between the remote device and the network.
- Intrusion Detection and Prevention: Intrusion detection and prevention systems are used to detect and prevent unauthorized access to a network. They typically use a combination of signature-based and behavior-based detection methods.
- Wireless Networking:
- Wireless Security: Wireless security involves protecting wireless networks from unauthorized access. This includes using encryption, authentication, and access controls to secure wireless communication.
- Wireless LANs: Wireless LANs (Local Area Networks) allow devices to connect to a network without the need for physical cables. They use radio waves to communicate and typically use the 802.11 standard.
- Wireless Network Design: Wireless network design involves planning and configuring wireless networks to ensure optimal performance and coverage. This includes selecting the appropriate wireless standard, determining the number and placement of access points, and configuring wireless security.
- IP Services:
- DHCP: DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is used to automatically assign IP addresses to devices on a network. It eliminates the need for manual IP address configuration and allows for more efficient network management.
- DNS: DNS (Domain Name System) is used to translate domain names to IP addresses. It allows users to access network resources using friendly names rather than IP addresses.
- IP Addressing: IP addressing involves assigning unique IP addresses to devices on a network. This includes using private and public IP addresses and configuring subnetting and supernetting.
- Problem Identification: Problem identification is the process of determining the cause of a network issue. This includes analyzing network traffic, reviewing error messages, and checking system logs.
- Problem Isolation: Problem isolation is the process of narrowing down the location and scope of a network issue. This includes using troubleshooting tools such as ping, traceroute, and network analyzers.
- Problem Resolution: Problem resolution is the process of finding and implementing a solution to a network issue. This includes making configuration changes, updating software, and replacing hardware as needed.
- WAN technologies:
- Leased Lines: Leased lines provide dedicated connections between two locations. They are typically used for dedicated point-to-point connections, such as between a company's main office and branch office.
- Frame Relay: Frame Relay is a packet-switching technology used to connect remote LANs. It uses virtual circuits to establish communication between devices and is known for its high-speed and low-cost.
- MPLS: MPLS (Multiprotocol Label Switching) is a technology used to improve the performance and reliability of wide area networks. It uses labels to forward packets and can be used for both routing and VPNs.
- Network Programmability:
- NETCONF: NETCONF (Network Configuration Protocol) is a network management protocol that allows for remote configuration of network devices. It uses an XML-based data model and uses a secure transport protocol such as SSH or TLS.
- YANG: YANG (Yet Another Next Generation) is a data modeling language used to define the structure of NETCONF data. It allows for the definition of data models for network configuration and management.
- REST API: REST API (Representational State Transfer API) is a standard method for interacting with network devices through web-based services. It allows for programmatic access to network devices and enables network automation.
- Cloud Networking: This module covers the basics of cloud networking, including cloud architecture, deployment models, and network services.
- IoT Networking: This module covers the basics of IoT networking, including IoT devices, communication protocols, and network security.
- Network Automation: This module covers the basics of network automation, including software-defined networking (SDN), network programmability, and network orchestration.
- Network Virtualization: This module covers the basics of network virtualization, including virtual networking devices, network overlays, and network functions virtualization (NFV).
- QoS: Quality of Service (QoS) is a technique used to manage bandwidth and guarantee a certain level of performance for certain types of network traffic.
- Network Services: This module covers the basics of network services, including load balancing, DNS, DHCP, and VPN services.
- IPv6: IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6) is the latest version of the internet protocol and it is designed to solve the problem of IPv4 address depletion.
CCNA Training FAQ’s:
The CCNA certification is a globally recognized program offered by Cisco Systems that validates an individual's knowledge and skills in installing, configuring, and troubleshooting Cisco network devices. It is designed for network administrators, network engineers, IT support staff, and others who work with Cisco networking technology.
There are no formal prerequisites for the CCNA certification, but it is recommended that individuals have a basic understanding of computer networks and some experience working with Cisco network devices.
A Cisco network typically includes routers, switches, and wireless access points, as well as other network devices such as firewalls, VPNs, and intrusion detection systems. These devices are used to connect and control communication between devices on a network.
Routing protocols are used to determine the best path for data to travel across a Cisco network. They use algorithms to calculate the shortest path, and then update the routing table on routers with this information. Common routing protocols used in Cisco networks include RIP, EIGRP, and OSPF.
VLANs (Virtual LANs) are used to segment a Cisco network into smaller, logical groups. This allows for more efficient and secure network communication. VLANs can be configured on Cisco switches, and devices can be assigned to specific VLANs based on their function or location.
Troubleshooting a Cisco network involves identifying the problem, isolating the problem, and resolving the problem. This can be done by analyzing network traffic, reviewing error messages, and checking system logs. It also includes understanding the network infrastructure and using troubleshooting tools such as ping, traceroute, and network analyzers.
The purpose of Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is to prevent loops in a Cisco network. It does this by creating a loop-free logical topology by shutting down redundant links and blocking ports. This ensures that there is only one active path between any two devices on the network, preventing network loops and broadcast storms.
Quality of Service (QoS) is a technique used to manage bandwidth and guarantee a certain level of performance for certain types of network traffic. In a Cisco network, QoS can be implemented through the use of traffic shaping, prioritization, and congestion management. This allows network administrators to ensure that critical network traffic such as voice and video is given priority over less critical traffic such as file transfers.
Network Address Translation (NAT) is a technique used in Cisco networks to allow devices on a private network to access the internet using a single public IP address. This allows for more efficient use of IP addresses, as well as better security by hiding the internal network structure. NAT also allows for more flexibility in network design, as devices can be moved or added without needing to change their IP addresses.
Cisco firewalls use a combination of rules and protocols to control access to a network and protect it from unauthorized access. They can be hardware or software-based and provide features such as stateful packet inspection, intrusion prevention, and VPN support. Firewalls can also be configured to allow or block specific types of traffic based on their source and destination IP addresses, ports, and protocols.
Cisco VPNs (Virtual Private Networks) provide secure remote access to a network by encrypting and tunneling network traffic. Cisco VPNs can be configured using a variety of protocols such as IPSec, SSL, and L2TP. They use a combination of authentication and encryption methods to secure the communication between the remote device and the network.